For efficient rodent control, it is necessary to ascertain if you have a rat or mouse infestation. This is useful because of a few rat control and mouse control products like rodent bait stations and rodent traps. This is available in two different sizes. These bigger ones are for rats while the small ones, for a mouse. Other products, just like rodent poison, will work for both mice and rats. The following are rodent identification. Knowing which one you have is the first step to getting rid of them.
Rodent identification in size: Very small. Generally, only 3 inches in length and weighs 1-2 ounces.
Colour: commonly grey. A few may look darker.
Mice usually feed on cereals, grains, seeds, and sweets. However, these food items are absent throughout the autumn and winter season. Rodents enter into your home to feed, where they are going to eat just about anything. They nest in wall voids or uninterrupted particles. The house mouse usually remains near its nest (within 10-30 feet), travels along walls, and never likes open spaces.
Size: may grow 13-18 inches long and weighs 10-16 ounces
Colour: may vary from black, grey, to reddish-brown
Be attentive not to confuse a young rat for a mouse. Norway rats typically nest in burrows. Making use of their strong front teeth, they can gnaw through electrical wires, pipes. As well as wood and other materials. They have small ears, a short tail, and a lot of fatter and rounder shape. These rats are more widespread in urban and rural locations. They are seen in homes less frequently due to their bigger size.
Norway rats, also known as brown or sewer rats, are recognisable through their grey-brown, stocky bodies. Their tails are not as long as their body length. Norway rats are more prominent than almost every other rat species. They burrow in fields and gardens and also under structure foundations, woodpiles or trash. Norway rats line their nests with fibrous items, like shredded cloth and paper. These rats are likely to dwell in the lower levels of buildings.
Size: bigger rodents that grow 10-12 inches in length and weighs 6-9 ounces
Colour: may vary from black to brown to grey
Roof rats will most likely get into your home or business places through power lines or trees. They nest in attics, trees or wall voids. Roof Rats like fruit but will feed on just about anything. These rats may travel nearly 50 feet from their nest to seek out water and food sources. Notable for its thin body, big and hairless ears. Their tail is longer compared to the head and body combined.
Roof rats, often referred to as black rats are outstanding climbers that tend to nest above the ground. In the wild, roof rats dwell in dense vegetation, shrubs, and trees. They look for safe, elevated locations just like cabinets, attics, sheetrock ceilings, and walls in domestic surroundings. They may enter into homes through trees located nearby windows or eaves. Compared to the Norway rat, roof rats often limit their geographical selection to ocean-influenced and warm environments.
The other most straightforward way to identify rats from mice is by examining rodent droppings. Mouse waste is usually 1/4 inch long, whereas rat droppings can be thrice as large.
Rats are a few of the most prevalent and powerful pests on the planet. They are contaminating food, destroying structures and harming human health. Even though people seldom see rats, indicators of their existence are not too difficult to recognise. They usually are more significant than mice. Though young rats can often be wrongly identified as mice, they can be distinguished with their disproportionately long feet. Both rodents can chew through hard, wooden surfaces. They also tend to bring about more damage. Their teeth marks are also more prominent compared to those of mice.
Experienced, researched and written by Graeme Stephens. An IICRC Master Restoration Technician in 2001. With over 34 years of disinfecting, cleaning and pest control Auckland services experience.
Published: 6/11/2014 Updated: 19/06/2021