Rats can be very persistent, and if they manage to gain access into your home or business, they can spread these diseases, cause considerable damage and contaminate food. Here are some rat management guidelines to keep rats away.
Rats cause a severe health risk to humans and pets. Fortunately, there is five simple rat management to prevent and get rid of rodent infestations in their homes:
1. Install door sweeps on exterior doors and repair damaged screens.
2. Screen vents and openings to chimneys.
3. Seal cracks and holes on the outside of the home. Including areas where utilities and pipes enter the house. Generally by using caulk, steel wool or a combination of both.
4. Store food in airtight containers and dispose of garbage regularly.
5. Keep attics, basements and crawl spaces well ventilated and dry.
It is severe if rats step into your home even though they aren’t getting into a direct living space. Deal with any rat trouble within the house quickly. Rat management, therefore, is very important.
Rats in the garden and other outside locations can also be dangerous, specifically in places with children or pets. It is essential to eliminate rats in the garden. Certainly to cut back the chance of them wanting to enter your home, hunting for food and shelter. Particular care is required for houses with integral garages or cat or dog flaps because rats may use them to enter your home.
Rats are nocturnal and often hide from humans, and thus the common signs to watch out for in the home and garden are:
Burrows – rats will dig burrows specifically in compost heaps or beneath sheds. They will as well build nests below garden decking.
Destruction – rats have teeth that develop continuously and gnaw on plastic, wood, and mild steel to maintain them trim; they can even bring about fires by chewing through wiring.
Distinctive odour – ammonia-like odour, which will be especially strong in enclosed locations. For example, in loft spaces, beneath cupboards, under decking, garages, or sheds.
Excrement – dark, tapered (sausage-shaped) droppings about 1 – 2 cm in length.
Nests – rats build nests in hidden, warm locations. They are making use of shredded stuff like fabrics, newspaper, and plastic. Nests will most likely contain young rats.
Ripped food packaging – rats will tear open all sorts of packaging to seek out food that may leave teeth marks. Scratching noises beneath the floor or decking or in walls since rats scurry about searching for food.
Young rats can get through holes of no more than 1 cm. Therefore, you must seal off any holes and fit bristle strip all over doors.
Ultrasonic repellents produce a sound that is distressing for rats but can’t be heard by humans. These might help as a rat deterrent to defend a home initially. However, we do not advise using them for existing infestations since rats can quickly acclimatise to the ultrasound. It is essential not to bring in rats with food. Keep food in durable, airtight plastic or metal storage containers and frequently clean beneath fridges and cookers. In the garden, make sure household refuse is kept in sealed receptacles for rat management. Never put meat into compost heaps. In case you have pets in the garden, make sure food bowls are removed right after feeding.
Rats also can appear from sewers through broken pipes. You will need to make sure that all pipe-work is kept in good order.
If it’s not treated, a rat infestation can easily take hold. At the same time, amateur DIY products are an economical strategy to prevent rats in low-risk locations. Professional rat control is necessary for high-risk places, more established rat colonies or wherever there exists a recurring infestation.
Experienced, researched and written by Graeme Stephens. An IICRC Master Restoration Technician in 2001. With over 34 years of disinfecting, cleaning and pest control Auckland services experience.
Published: 6/11/2014 Updated: 19/06/2021